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Answer questions. Then click the "Check Your Score" button. When you get a score of 80% or higher, and place a credit card order, you can download a Certificate for 3 CE's. Click for Psychologist Posttest.

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Course Article Questions The answer to Question 1 is found in Section 1 of the Course Content. The Answer to Question 2 is found in Section 2 of the Course Content... and so on. Select the correct answer from below. Place a letter on the blank line before the corresponding question.


1. What are the Strengths and Limitations of the National Crime Victimization Survey and the National Violence Against Women Survey?
2. What is the definition of NIJ Measures of Sexual Violence?
3. What is the definition of NIJ Measures of Physical Violence by Intimate Partners?
4. What are the conditions, the perpetrator’s course of conduct would meet the definition of stalking?
5. What is Expressive Aggression?
6. What are the four different forms of violence against American Indian and Alaska Native Women?


A. Completed forced penetration includes being made to receive vaginal or anal sex, being made to receive oral sex, being made to perform oral sex, and (for men only) being made to perform vaginal or anal sex when perpetrators used physical force or threats of physical harm.
B. This report provides what are currently the most detailed estimates of violence against American Indian and Alaska Native women and men. Despite these strengths, the survey has important limitations. Not all forms of violence were included in the survey. There are also limitations to the survey methods. The survey was conducted only by phone, in English or Spanish, and was not available in indigenous languages.
C. NIJ measure requires respondents to report that (a) they felt fear (any level of fear, from a little fearful to very fearful); (b) the perpetrator damaged their personal property or belongings, such as in their home or car; (c) the perpetrator made threats to physically harm them; or (d) they believed that they, or someone close to them, would be seriously harmed or killed.
D. Includes (a) being slapped, pushed or shoved, and (b) severe physical violence. Severe physical violence includes being hit with a fist or something hard, being kicked, being hurt by having your hair pulled, being slammed against something, being hurt by being choked or suffocated, being beaten, being burned on purpose, or having a knife or gun used on you. Intimate partners include current and former romantic or sexual partners. This includes spouses, boyfriends, girlfriends, and people the respondents were dating, seeing, or hooking up with.
E. Sexual violence, physical violence by intimate partners, stalking, and psychological aggression by intimate partners. 
F. Includes instances when perpetrators acted very angry towards the victim in a way that seemed dangerous; told the victim that s/he was a loser, a failure, or not good enough; called the victim names like ugly, fat, crazy, or stupid; insulted, humiliated, or made fun of the victim in front of others; and told the victim that no one else would want him or her.

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