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Bogaerts, A., Claes, L., Raymaekers, K., Buelens, T., Bastiaens, T., & Luyckx, K. (2023). Trajectories of adaptive and disturbed identity dimensions in adolescence: developmental associations with self-esteem, resilience, symptoms of depression, and borderline personality disorder features. Frontiers in psychiatry, 14, 1125812.

Grilo, S. A., Semler, M. R., & Rameau, S. (2023). The sum of all parts: A multi-level exploration of racial and ethnic identity formation during emerging adulthood. PloS one, 18(4), e0284275.

Knaifel E. (2023). Cultural competence in multi-family psychoeducation groups: The experiences of Russian-speaking immigrant mothers of adults with severe mental illness. Transcultural psychiatry, 60(1), 156-166.

Muscat, D. M., Mouwad, D., McCaffery, K., Zachariah, D., Tunchon, L., Ayre, J., & Nutbeam, D. (2023). Embedding health literacy research and best practice within a socioeconomically and culturally diverse health service: A narrative case study and revised model of co-creation. Health expectations : an international journal of public participation in health care and health policy, 26(1), 452-462.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Health and Medicine Division; Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice; Roundtable on Health Literacy, McHugh, M. K., & Alper, J. (Eds.). (2023). The Roles of Trust and Health Literacy in Achieving Health Equity: Community Settings: Proceedings of a Workshop-in Brief. National Academies Press (US).

Skinner-Dorkenoo, A. L., George, M., Wages, J. E., 3rd, SÁnchez, S., & Perry, S. P. (2023). A systemic approach to the psychology of racial bias within individuals and society. Nature reviews psychology, 1-15. Advance online publication.

Wang, C., Sun, M., Lin, M., Wu, S., & Rice, T. R. (2023). Influence of Cultural Values and Integrational Acculturation Differences on the Behavioral Health Treatment of Asian American Immigrant Children in the COVID-19 Era. Southern medical journal, 116(4), 365-368.

Xu, H. Q., Chung, C. C., & Yu, C. (2022). Visualizing Research Trends on Culture Neuroscience (2008-2021): A Bibliometric Analysis. Frontiers in psychology, 13, 884929.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Article References:

Atkinson, D. R., & Matsushita, Y. J. (1991). Japanese-American acculturation, counseling style, counselor ethnicity, and perceived counselor credibility. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 38(4), 473–478.

Causadias, J. M., Vitriol, J. A., & Atkin, A. L. (2018). Do we overemphasize the role of culture in the behavior of racial/ethnic minorities? Evidence of a cultural (mis)attribution bias in American psychology. American Psychologist, 73(3), 243–255.

Chase, L., & Opiola, K. (2021). Cultural competence and poverty: Exploring play therapists’ attitudes. International Journal of Play Therapy, 30(1), 50–60.

Chavez-Korell, S., Rendón, A. D., Beer, J., Rodriguez, N., Garr, A. D., Pine, C. A., Farías, R., Larson, L., & Malcolm, E. (2012). Improving access and reducing barriers to depression treatment for Latino elders: Un Nuevo Amanecer (A New Dawn). Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 43(3), 217–226.

Cheng, C., Cheung, S. F., Chio, J. H.-m., & Chan, M.-P. S. (2013). Cultural meaning of perceived control: A meta-analysis of locus of control and psychological symptoms across 18 cultural regions. Psychological Bulletin, 139(1), 152–188.a

Claiborn, C. D., LaFromboise, T. D., & Pomales, J. (1986). Cross-cultural counseling process research: A rejoinder. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33(2), 220–221.

"Cultural humility: Measuring openness to culturally diverse clients": Correction to Hook, Davis, Owen, Worthington, and Utsey (2015). Journal of Counseling Psychology, 62(1), iii–v.

Felkey, J., & Graham, S. (2021). Racial/ethnic discrimination, cultural mistrust, and psychological maladjustment among Asian American and Latino adolescent language brokers. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology.

Ghavami, N., Fingerhut, A., Peplau, L. A., Grant, S. K., & Wittig, M. A. (2011). Testing a model of minority identity achievement, identity affirmation, and psychological well-being among ethnic minority and sexual minority individuals. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 17(1), 79–88.

Han, K., Colarelli, S. M., & Weed, N. C. (2019). Methodological and statistical advances in the consideration of cultural diversity in assessment: A critical review of group classification and measurement invariance testing. Psychological Assessment, 31(12), 1481–1496.

Kim, B. S. K., Ng, G. F., & Ahn, A. J. (2005). Effects of Client Expectation for Counseling Success, Client-Counselor Worldview Match, and Client Adherence to Asian and European American Cultural Values on Counseling Process With Asian Americans. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(1), 67–76.

McGinnies, E., Nordholm, L. A., Ward, C. D., & Bhanthumnavin, D. L. (1974). Sex and cultural differences in perceived locus of control among students in five countries. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42(3), 451–455.

Mendez, J. L., & Westerberg, D. (2012). Implementation of a culturally adapted treatment to reduce barriers for Latino parents. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 18(4), 363–372.

Patil, S. K., Johnson, A. S., & Lichtenberg, P. A. (2008). The relation of pain and depression with various health-promoting behaviors in African American elders. Rehabilitation Psychology, 53(1), 85–92.

Pedersen, P. B., & Marsella, A. J. (1982). The ethical crisis for cross-cultural counseling and therapy. Professional Psychology, 13(4), 492–500.

Ramos-Sánchez, L., Atkinson, D. R., & Fraga, E. D. (1999). Mexican Americans' bilingual ability, counselor bilingualism cues, counselor ethnicity, and perceived counselor credibility. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 46(1), 125–131.

Richins, M. T., Barreto, M., Karl, A., & Lawrence, N. (2021). Incidental fear reduces empathy for an out-group’s pain. Emotion, 21(3), 536–544.

Ruelas, S. R., Atkinson, D. R., & Ramos-Sanchez, L. (1998). Counselor helping model, participant ethnicity and acculturation level, and perceived counselor credibility. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 45(1), 98–103

Schwaba, T., Luhmann, M., Denissen, J. J. A., Chung, J. M., & Bleidorn, W. (2018). Openness to experience and culture-openness transactions across the lifespan. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 115(1), 118–136.

Schwarzenthal, M., Schachner, M. K., van de Vijver, F. J. R., & Juang, L. P. (2018). Equal but different: Effects of equality/inclusion and cultural pluralism on intergroup outcomes in multiethnic classrooms. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 24(2), 260–271.

Smith, J. L., McPartlan, P., Poe, J., & Thoman, D. B. (2021). Diversity fatigue: A survey for measuring attitudes towards diversity enhancing efforts in academia. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 27(4), 659–674.

Sodowsky, G. R., Kuo-Jackson, P. Y., Richardson, M. F., & Corey, A. T.
(1998). Correlates of self-reported multicultural competencies: Counselor multicultural social desirability, race, social inadequacy, locus of control racial ideology, and multicultural training. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 45(3), 256–264

Syed, M., Walker, L. H. M., Lee, R. M., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., Zamboanga, B. L., Schwartz, S. J., Armenta, B. E., & Huynh, Q.-L. (2013). A two-factor model of ethnic identity exploration: Implications for identity coherence and well-being. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 19(2), 143–154.

Thompson, T. L., Kiang, L., & Witkow, M. R. (2016). “You’re Asian; You’re supposed to be smart”: Adolescents’ experiences with the Model Minority Stereotype and longitudinal links with identity. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 7(2), 108–119.

Tormala, T. T., Patel, S. G., Soukup, E. E., & Clarke, A. V. (2018). Developing measurable cultural competence and cultural humility: An application of the cultural formulation. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 12(1), 54–61.

Trevino, A. Y., Tao, K. W., & Van Epps, J. J. (2021). Windows of cultural opportunity: A thematic analysis of how cultural conversations occur in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, 58(2), 263–274.

Tummala-Narra, P., Claudius, M., Letendre, P. J., Sarbu, E., Teran, V., & Villalba, W. (2018). Psychoanalytic psychologists’ conceptualizations of cultural competence in psychotherapy. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 35(1), 46–59.

Turner, E. A., & Llamas, J. D. (2017). The role of therapy fears, ethnic identity, and spirituality on access to mental health treatment among Latino college students. Psychological Services, 14(4), 524–530.

Vázquez, A. L., & Villodas, M. T. (2019). Racial/ethnic differences in caregivers’ perceptions of the need for and utilization of adolescent psychological counseling and support services. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 25(3), 323–330.

Ward, E., & Mengesha, M. (2013). Depression in African American men: A review of what we know and where we need to go from here. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 83(2-3), 386–397.

Ward, E. C., & Brown, R. L. (2015). A culturally adapted depression intervention for African American adults experiencing depression: Oh Happy Day. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 85(1), 11–22.

Additional References:
Abramson, M. Reflections on knowing oneself ethically: Toward a working framework for social work practice. Families in Society, 1996a, 77(4), 195202.

American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy. (2015, January 1). Code of Ethics. Retrieved from

American Counseling Association. (2014). ACA Code of Ethics. Retrieved from

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Arredondo, Patricia et al..; Operationalism of the multicultural counseling competencies; Journal of Multicultural Counseling & Development; Jan 1996; Vol. 24, Issue 1.

Atkinson, D.R., Morten, G., & Sue, D. W. Counseling American Minorities: A CrossCultural Perspective. Dubuque, Iowa: W.C. Brown, 1979.

Barker, R. L. (1998). Milestones in the Development of Social Work and Social Welfare. Washington, DC: NASW Press. Rankin, Mary, JD employed by the Healthcare Training Institute to research and write the article Evolution of Social Work Ethics. Edited by Tracy Appleton, LCSW. The reference Barker, Robert L. Milestones in the Development of Social Work and Social Welfare. Washington, DC NASW Press, 1998.

Bemecker, Samantha L. Helping Clients Help Themselves: Managing Ethical Concerns When Offering Guided SelfHelp Interventions in Psychotherapy Practice. Professional Psychology: Research & Practice. Apr2014, Vol. 45 Issue 2, p111119.

Burton, Stephen; Furr, Susan. Conflict in Multicultural Classes: Approaches to Resolving Difficult Dialogues. Counselor Education & Supervision. Jun2014, Vol. 53 Issue 2, p97110.

Canfield, Brian S., Low, Lor., and Hovestadt, Alan; Cultural Immersion as a Learning Method for Expanding Intercultural Competencies; Family Journal; 200910; Vol. 17, Issue 4.

Carter, Les & Minirth, Frank. The Anger Workbook. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers. 1993.

Chao, Ruth ChuLien. Race/Ethnicity and Multicultural Competence Among School Counselors: Multicultural Training, Racial/Ethnic Identity, and ColorBlind Racial Attitudes. Journal of Counseling & Development. Apr2013, Vol. 91 Issue 2, p140151.

Collins, B.E. Social Psychology. Reading, Mass.: AddisonWesley, 1970.

Hanna, Fred J.; Cardona, Betty. Multicultural Counseling Beyond the Relationship: Expanding the Repertoire With Techniques. Journal of Counseling & Development. Jul2013, Vol. 91 Issue 3, p349357.

Hansen, James T.; Counseling and Psychoanalysis: Advancing the Value of Diversity; Journal of Multicultural Counseling & Development; 201001; Vol. 38, Issue 1.

Henderson, Kathryn L. Mandated Reporting of Child Abuse: Considerations and Guidelines for Mental Health Counselors. Journal of Mental Health Counseling. Oct2013, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p296309.

Herring, Roger D.; Developing biracial ethnic identity: a review of the increasing dilemma ; Journal of Multicultural Counseling & Development; Jan 1995, Vol. 23. Issue 1.

Ivey, A., & Authier, J. Microcounseling. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas, 1978.

Johnson, Jennifer M.; Lambie, Glenn W. Ethnic Identity and SocialCognitive Maturity in a Multicultural Group Experience. Counselor Education & Supervision. Sep2013, Vol. 52 Issue 3, p193206.

Kagnici, Dilek Yelda. Reflections of a Multicultural Counseling Course: A Qualitative Study with Counseling Students and Counselors. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice. 2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p5362.

Kangas, Julie L.; Calvert, James D. Ethical Issues in Mental Health Background Checks for Firearm Ownership. Professional Psychology: Research & Practice. Feb2014, Vol. 45 Issue 1, p7683.

Loewenberg, F. M., & Dolgoff, R. & Harrington, D. Ethical decisions for social work practice. Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock., 2000.

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